Principal English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Book with Answers: To Accompany English Grammar in...
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Thank you millions for sharing.
22 June 2021 (00:38)
Advanced Grammar in Use is a great book. It gives you clear grammar explanations as well as interesting exercises. I would definitely recommend it.
14 July 2021 (23:19)
English Collocations in Use is a very good book to use with EFL students, as they usually don't learn this kind of English at High school.
14 July 2021 (23:22)
best grammar book series ever
23 October 2021 (01:29)
Thanks for a great site. Best wishes for 2022
25 December 2021 (17:09)
Hashemi & Murphy THE WORLD’S BEST-SELLING GRAMMAR SERIES ENGLISH GRAMMAR IN USE To accompany English Grammar in Use Fifth Edition with answers ENGLISH VOCABULARY IN USE Pre-intermediate &interme iate (with answers) &CD-ROMCMYK is our sim le ap roach where cambri r Edition C ver C M Y K Learnin Discover more: e.o /be e lea nin • • • Be te Learnin is our sim le ap roach where deeper insights help shape richer content that drives stronger esults. Discover more: cambri Learnin e.o /be e lea nin 9781107539303 Hewings: Advanced Grammar in Use With answers & ebook Be te deeper insights help shape richer content that drives stronger esults . e.o /be e lea nin 9- is our sim le ap roach where cambri -0-521- Learnin Discover more: REDMAN Be te deeper insights help shape richer content that drives stronger esults . Be te CMYK ENGLISH VOCABULARY IN USE Pre-interme iate &i termediate (with answers) &CD-ROM M Y K 978 1 316 63174 4 Redman: English Vocabulary in Use pre-int and int Cover C 9781107539303 Hewings: Advanced Grammar in Use With answers & ebook 3rd Edition Cover C M Y K 978-0- 21-14989-1 I REDMAN • 978 1 316 63171 3 Redman: English Vocabulary in Use pre-int and int Cover C M Y K SUPPLEMENTARY EXERCISES Be te Learnin is our sim le ap roach where deeper insights help shape richer content that Be te Learnin is our sim le ap roach where deeper insights help shape richer content that drives stronger esults. drives stronger esults. Discover more: Discover more: cambri cambri e.o /be e lea nin e.o /be e lea nin Be te is our sim le ap roach where Learnin is our sim le ap roach where deeper insights help shape richer content that insights shape content that drives esults. drives stronger esults. Discover more: cambri Discover more: e.o /be e lea nin cambri Be te Learnin e.or /be e lea nin is our sim le ap roach where insights shape content that drives esults. Louise Hashemi Discover more: with Raymond Murphy ; cambri e.o /be e lea nin ENGLISH GRAMMAR IN USE To accompany English Grammar in Use Fifth Edition with answers SUPPLEMENTARY EXERCISES Louise Hashemi with Raymond Murphy University Printing House, Cambridge CB2 8BS, United Kingdom One Liberty Plaza, 20th Floor, New York, NY 10006, USA 477 Williamstown Road, Port Melbourne, VIC 3207, Australia 314–321, 3rd Floor, Plot 3, Splendor Forum, Jasola District Centre, New Delhi – 110025, India 79 Anson Road, #06–04/06, Singapore 079906 Cambridge University Press is part of the University of Cambridge. It furthers the University’s mission by disseminating knowledge in the pursuit of education, learning and research at the highest international levels of excellence. www.cambridge.org Information on this title: www.cambridge.org/chooseinuse © Cambridge University Press 2019 This publication is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Cambridge University Press. First published 1995 Second edition 2004 Third edition 2012 Fourth edition 2019 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Printed in the United Kingdom by Latimer Trend A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library ISBN 978-1-108-45773-6 Supplementary Exercises Book ISBN 978-1-108-58662-7 Student’s Book with Answers and ebook ISBN 978-1-108-45765-1 Student’s Book with Answers ISBN 978-1-108-45768-2 Student’s Book without Answers ISBN 978-1-108-45771-2 Interactive ebook Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate. Information regarding prices, travel timetables and other factual information given in this work is correct at the time of first printing but Cambridge University Press does not guarantee the accuracy of such information thereafter. Contents To the student To the teacher Thanks Exercise numbers 1–10 Present continuous and present simple (I am doing and I do) v v vi Page 2 11–17 Past simple and past continuous (I did and I was doing) 18–22 Present and past (I do / I am doing and I did / I was doing) 11 23–28 Present perfect simple and continuous (I have done and I have been doing) 14 29–30 Present perfect simple and continuous; past simple (I have done and I have been doing; I did) 18 31–34 Present perfect and present (I have done / I have been doing and I do / I am doing) 19 35–36 Present perfect, present and past (I have done / I have been doing, I do / I am doing and I did) 22 37–42 Present perfect and past simple (I have done / I have been doing and I did) 23 43–46 Past simple, past continuous and past perfect (I did, I was doing and I had done / I had been doing) 27 47–51 Past simple, past continuous and used to (I did, I was doing and I used to do) 30 52–53 Present, present perfect and past 33 54–58 The future: present tenses and will/shall (I do / I am doing and I will/shall do) 34 59–63 The future: present continuous, will/shall, going to (I am doing, I will/shall do and I am going to do) 37 64 The future: all forms 40 65–66 can, could and be able to 41 67–68 may and might 42 69–72 can, could, may, might, must and can’t 43 73–78 must(n’t), need(n’t), should(n’t) and don’t have to 45 79–82 (don’t) have to, should(n’t), had better (not) and ought (not) to 48 7 iii iv 83–85 should 50 86–87 Modals: review 52 88–93 if I do and if I did 53 94–97 if I did and if I had done 56 98–99 Conditionals: review 59 100–102 I wish 60 103–113 The passive 63 114–115 have something done 71 116–120 Questions 72 121–131 Reported speech and questions 75 132–137 -ing and to … 82 138–140 Prepositions and expressions + -ing 86 141 I’m used to doing and I used to do 87 142 to … and preposition + -ing (afraid to do and afraid of doing) 88 143 Verb forms: review 89 144–148 Countable and uncountable 92 149–151 a/an, some and the 94 152–154 the 96 155–159 Quantifiers and pronouns 97 160–163 Relative clauses 100 164–165 Adjectives and adverbs 103 166–168 Comparatives and superlatives 104 169–172 Word order 106 173–175 Prepositions of time 108 176–177 Prepositions of place 110 178–179 Prepositions (general) 111 180–182 Adjective/verb + preposition 112 183–200 Phrasal verbs 113 Solution to Exercise 143 120 Key 121 To the student English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises is for intermediate and advanced students who want extra practice in grammar, without help from a teacher. There are 200 exercises in this new edition. Each exercise relates to a unit or units in English Grammar in Use Fifth Edition, with the unit number(s) at the top of the page. All the answers are given in the Key (pages 121–138). Some exercises ask you to use your own ideas. For these, you can check the Example answers in the Key. You can use this book if you don’t have English Grammar in Use, but for an explanation of the grammar points, you need to check in English Grammar in Use. The grammar points covered in this book are not in order of difficulty, so you can go straight to the parts where you need the most practice. Where there are several exercises on one grammar point, however, the easier ones come first. It’s a good idea to do each exercise, check your answers and then go on to the next one. Many of the exercises are in the form of emails, notes, conversations or short articles. You can use these as models for writing or speaking practice. To the teacher English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises offers extra practice of most of the grammar points covered in English Grammar in Use Fifth Edition. Much of the language is contextualised within dialogues, emails, notes, articles etc., encouraging students to consider meaning as well as form. The book can be used as self-study material or as a basis for further practice in class or as homework. The book is designed for students who have already worked through the exercises in English Grammar in Use (or elsewhere) which are relevant to their needs, but who need more, or more challenging, practice. It is particularly useful for revision work. The exercises are organised in the same order as the units of English Grammar in Use, and the numbers of the relevant English Grammar in Use units are shown at the top of each page. Within each group of exercises there is a progression from easier to more challenging, including exercises where students are encouraged to use their own ideas. The contextualised exercises can be used as models or springboards for speaking and writing practice of a freer nature. v Thanks The authors would like to thank Rebecca Winthrop, Ruth Atkinson and Rhona Snelling for their help with this new edition. For trying out exercises and providing valuable feedback on the first and second editions, thanks go to: students and staff at The British Council Young Learners’ Centre, Barcelona, Spain, Anglo World, Cambridge, The Studio School, Cambridge, The International Language Academy, Cambridge, Lelio Pallini, Jon Butt, Cemille Iskenderoglu, Isidro Almándarez, Catherine Carpenter, Marco Palladino, Margarida C.T. Busatto, Katie Head, Aleya Mokhtar, Graham Palmer, Rob Waring. The authors and publishers acknowledge the following sources of copyright material and are grateful for the permissions granted. While every effort has been made, it has not always been possible to identify the sources of all the material used, or to trace all copyright holders. If any omissions are brought to our notice, we will be happy to include the appropriate acknowledgements on reprinting and in the next update to the digital edition, as applicable. Photography Key: Ex = Exercise All the photographs are sourced from Getty Images. Ex 1–10: bcreigh/iStock/Getty Images Plus; PeopleImages/iStock/Getty Images Plus; matimix/iStock/ Getty Images Plus; jinjo0222988/iStock/Getty Images Plus; Image Source/DigitalVision; industryview/ iStock/Getty Images Plus; Photo Josse/Leemage/Corbis Historical; teekid/E+; Toni Poikelj_rvi/EyeEm; Posnov/Moment; Stockbyte; Ex 11–17: Westend61; Mitchell Funk/Photographer’s Choice; FatCamera/ iStock/Getty Images Plus; Ex 18–22: Lane Oatey; Westend61; Erik Isakson/Blend Images; Ex 23–28: Christer Fredriksson/Lonely Planet Images; william87/iStock/Getty Images Plus; Ex 29–30: Dean Mitchell/E+; Ex 31–34: Andrea Pistolesi/The Image Bank; Ex 37–42: svetikd/iStock/Getty Images Plus; Ex 43–46: Caiaimage/Sam Edwards; Ex 47–51: DreamPictures/The Image Bank; Ben Pipe Photography/Cultura; Ex 52–53: Hill Street Studios/Blend Images; Ex 54–58: Seb Oliver/Image Source; Jamie Grill; Ex 59–63: Crocodile Images; vasiliki/E+; holgs/E+; claudiodivizia/iStock/Getty Images Plus; Vincent van Gogh; alexsl/iStock/Getty Images Plus; Jorisvo/iStock/Getty Images Plus; nechaev-kon/iStock/Getty Images Plus; nakornkhai/iStock/Getty Images Plus; rclassenlayouts/ iStock/Getty Images Plus; Ex 65–66: Thinkstock Images/Stockbyte; Ex 67–68: ben radford/Corbis Sport; Ex 69–72: Wavebreakmedia/iStock/Getty Images Plus; Ex 73–78: Bread and Butter/The Image Bank; eyecrave/iStock/Getty Images Plus; stock-eye/iStock/Getty Images Plus; PHOTOS.com>>/Getty Images Plus; Ex 83–85: Georgijevic/E+; Ex 86–87: Lauren Bates/Moment; Ex 94–97: PaulaConnelly/ iStock/Getty Images Plus; kelvinjay/iStock/Getty Images Plus; Ronnie Kaufman/Larry Hirshowitz/ Blend Images; Ex 98–99: J Boyer/The Image Bank; Ex 103–113: David Bank/Moment; sturti/E+; Ex 116–120: mikolajn/iStock Editorial/Getty Images Plus; Wavebreakmedia/iStock/Getty Images Plus; baona/E+; Manuel Breva Colmeiro/Moment. Illustrations by QBS Learning. vi ENGLISH GRAMMAR IN USE To accompany English Grammar in Use Fifth Edition with answers SUPPLEMENTARY EXERCISES Units 1–4, 19, 25 1 Present continuous and present simple (I am doing and I do) Complete the webpage with the present continuous form of the verbs from the box. hold offer organise perform play sing CONTACT US What’s on in Hampton this week? The Arena The world famous Company of Knights (1) is performing a breathtaking horseback show from Wednesday to Saturday at 7.30 pm. City Hall Elisa Gonzalez (2) songs from Brazil, Argentina and Mexico on Friday at 7 pm. Hampton Sports Stadium Hampton Juniors football team (3) against a team from Germany at 11 am on Sunday. 2 2 GALLERY The Pavilion Local jewellers their (4) Summer Sale this Sunday from 10 am to 2 pm. Shoppers’ Paradise (off Main Street) All shoe shops (5) the chance to buy one pair get one pair free every day this week! Hampton College of Further Education The education department (6) an open day on Thursday – discover their range of full- and part-time courses. Complete the sentences with the present continuous form of the verbs. Are you waiting A jenny: zoe: Hi, Zoe! (1) No, (2) B mandy: james: (3) No, not at all. (4) C tom: ellie: (5) (6) D nina: finn: Why (7) (8) (those people / shout)? (They / demonstrate) against the new taxes. E ben: craig: (9) (10) (you / apply) for university? (I / think) about it, but I haven’t decided yet. F ava: kate: (11) Yes, (12) (Jane / leave) work early today? (she / fly) to Brussels at five o’clock. G josh: max: (13) No, (14) (you / come) to the party on Thursday? (I / work) late, unfortunately. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises (you / wait) for the London train? (I / meet) my mother off the train from Bristol. (this music / disturb) you? (I / enjoy) it. (anyone / use) this room today? (We / have) a meeting here after lunch, but it’s free now. Units 1371–4, 19, 145 25 3 Present continuous and present simple Complete the description using the correct present continuous form of the verbs in the box. Sometimes you need the negative. Use some of the verbs more than once. enjoy hang lie look stay sit turn wear The Bellelli Family by Edgar Degas This is a painting of two sisters, Giulia and Giovanna, with their mother, Laura, and father, Gennaro. is sitting Gennaro (1) in an armchair by a desk. He (2) towards his family. Laura and Giulia (3) at something behind Gennaro, but Giovanna (4) out of the picture towards the artist. Giulia (5) on a chair with one foot on the floor. Both the girls look rather serious. Perhaps they (6) very still for the artist and they (7) that! The girls and their mother all have black dresses and the girls (8) white aprons, but their mother (9) an apron. In the room we can see a picture which (10) on the wall behind Laura and some papers which (11) on the desk. 4 Choose a picture or photograph you like and describe what is happening in it. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 3 Units 1–4, 19, 25 5 Present continuous and present simple Complete the text with the present simple form of the verbs. What is an eclipse? A solar eclipse (1) (2) (3) It (4) happens (happen) when the moon (pass) in front of the sun. This only (take) place when there is a new moon. (last) for up to 7.5 minutes. During a solar eclipse, it is dark. The birds (5) (keep) still and quiet. (not sing), and animals (6) (not happen) very often, and most A solar eclipse (7) (enjoy) seeing one. However, it’s important not people (8) (not remember) this, to look straight at the sun. If you (9) you can damage your eyes. A lunar eclipse (10) (11) (look) dim until it (13) 6 (occur) when the earth’s shadow (fall) on the moon. The moon (12) (come) out from the shadow. Complete the questions with the present simple form of the verbs. 1 Which day of the week (you / go) to your yoga class? 2 What time (the bank / shut)? do you go I think it’s five o’clock on weekdays. 3 (your flat / have) air conditioning? 4 Yes, we really need it in summer. Nearly every weekend. How often (you / see) your brother? 5 Why (you / not / drive) to work every day? 6 Where (your sister / keep) her phone charger? 7 On Thursdays. (you / not / want) Because the traffic’s so bad, it’s quicker by bike. On that shelf beside the TV. No, I’m OK thanks. a cup of coffee? You look tired. 8 9 How many hours (you / work) in a week? At least one hour most evenings. How long (you / spend) at the gym? 10 (the souvenir shop / not / sell) stamps? 4 About thirty-five, usually. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises No, only postcards. Units 1371–4, 19, 145 25 7 Present continuous and present simple Choose the correct alternative. From: Pedro Martinez email@example.com To: Kai Muller Subject: Hi from Canada Hi Kai (1) I’m having / I have a great time here in Canada. My MSc course (2) isn’t starting / doesn’t start until next month, at the beginning of September, so (3) I’m making / I make use of the time to get to know the place. (4) I’m staying / I stay near Vancouver with Ryan, my Canadian cousin. He and and his brother Liam (5) are owning / own a software business. In the evenings (6) we’re driving / we drive into the city and go clubbing or see a movie. (7) I’m making / I make a lot of new friends. (8) I’m thinking / I think my pronunciation is much better already, and (9) I’m understanding / I understand almost everything. On weekdays (10) I’m helping / I help Liam. At the moment (11) he’s working / he works on their new website and (12) he’s needing / he needs help with it. (13) I’m learning / I learn some useful stuff about how people (14) are doing / do business in this country. (15) Do you come / Are you coming to see me? (16) I’m spending / I spend the winter holiday skiing with Ryan and Liam. (17) They’re wanting / They want to meet you and there’s plenty of space. You must bring lots of warm clothes because (18) it’s getting / it gets really cold here in the winter. Let me know as soon as (19) you’re deciding / you decide. And tell me what (20) you’re doing / you do these days. See you in December, I hope. Pedro 8 Choose words from the box and make sentences ending as shown. Use verbs in the present continuous or present simple and any other words you need. I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 My best friend My boss My boyfriend My classmates My family My father My sister My wife None of my friends Our children Our next-door neighbour Our teacher Several of my colleagues My boyfriend is studying for his final exams My sister doesn’t go to the cinema My classmates aren’t talking much this term. very often. right now. this year. every week. at the moment. this year. at weekends. this term. right now. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 5 Units 1–4, 19, 25 Present continuous and present simple Put the verbs into the correct form: present continuous or present simple. Tony Hunt, a journalist, is interviewing Leila Markham, an environmental scientist. 9 tony: leila: tony: leila: tony: leila: tony: leila: 10 Tick (✓) the sentences which are correct. In some pairs, one sentence is correct. In other pairs, both sentences are correct. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 6 So tell me, Leila, why is it important to save the rainforests? There are so many reasons. One reason is that lots of the plants which (1) grow (grow) in the rainforest could be useful in medicine. (not / know) all We (2) the plants, but there are tens of thousands of them. Chemists and doctors (3) (try) to discover their secrets before they are destroyed. I see. What other reasons are there? (believe) that the rainforests Well, scientists (4) (have) an influence on the world’s weather systems and this (5) (help) to slow down global warming. But, unfortunately, (6) (disappear) at a terrifying rate and we these days the forests (7) (not / do) enough to save them. (8) What is the main danger of global warming, in your opinion? The polar regions (9) (consist) of millions of tons of ice. (melt), the If they (10) level of the sea will rise and cause terrible floods. Most (agree) that scientists (11) global temperatures (12) (already / rise). We must do everything we can to prevent global warming, and that includes preserving the rainforests! Thank you, Leila, and good luck in your campaign. Thank you. What do you think of my hair? ✓ You look great today! Do you enjoy your meal? I think of selling my car. Where do you live? I don’t believe his story. The students seem tired today. He weighs 80 kilos. How often do you play tennis? My brother looks for a new job. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises What are you thinking of my hair? You’re looking great today! Are you enjoying your meal? I’m thinking of selling my car. Where are you living? I’m not believing his story. The students are seeming tired today. He’s weighing 80 kilos. How often are you playing tennis? My brother is looking for a new job. Units 1375–6 145 11 Past simple and past continuous (I did and I was doing) Last week John went to Scotland on a business trip. Read his diary for last week. Then complete the report he sent to his boss using the past simple. File Edit View Help From: John Hutchings To: Simon Sato Subject: Visit to Scotland 6 & 7 March 6 MARCH Thursday am • fly to Edinburgh • have lunch with Scottish sales team pm • visit two factories • discuss last series of adverts with marketing manager (not keen on them) 7 MARCH Friday 12 am • drive to Glasgow • meet architects – look at new office plans pm • go to see new office building • invite architects to dinner (not free) • catch overnight train to London I (1) flew to Edinburgh on Thursday morning and (2) lunch with the Scottish sales team. Then I (3) our two factories there and (4) our last series of adverts with the marketing manager. He (5) keen on them, unfortunately. On Friday morning I (6) to Glasgow and (7) the architects. We (8) at the new office plans and in the afternoon we (9) to see the new office building. I (10) the architects to dinner, but they (11) free. I (12) the overnight train back to London. Think about what you did one day last week. Complete the diary below. Then write a report using the past simple. File Edit am View Help Day: Name: lunch On morning pm dinner evening English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 7 Units Past simple and past continuous 5–6 13 Use the words given to make sentences. Do not change the order of the words. Use only the past simple or past continuous. 1 2 Sorry I’m so late. DANNY We can’t eat it because it’s cold. Katie / phone / the takeaway when the pizza / arrive Katie phoned the takeaway when the pizza arrived. when Danny / arrive / we / pay / the bill When Danny arrived, we were paying the bill. 3 4 HARRY while he / walk / in the mountains, Harry / see / a bear the students / play / a game when the professor / arrive 5 6 OLIVER Please send the fire brigade! 8 Oliver / phone / the fire brigade when the cooker / catch fire when the starter / fire her pistol / the race / begin 7 8 I / walk / home when it / start / to snow Andy / have / lunch in a cafe when Jade / phone English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises ANDY Hi Jade! Units 1375–6 145 14 Past simple and past continuous Choose the correct alternative. Is it true that Sir Isaac Newton understood gravity because an apple (1) fell / was falling on his head when he (2) lay / was lying under a tree in his garden? Probably not. However, many great and small discoveries are the result of lucky accidents … One day in 1879 chemist Constantin Fahlberg (3) didn’t wash / wasn’t washing his hands before dinner. While he (4) ate / was eating he (5) noticed / was noticing that the bread (6) tasted / was tasting sweet. The sweetness was saccharin. Alexander Fleming (7) became / was becoming interested in the control of bacteria while he (8) worked / was working as a doctor during the First World War. In 1928 he (9) tidied / was tidying his laboratory when he (10) saw / was seeing that one of the dirty dishes (11) didn’t have / wasn’t having any bacteria on it, but that something else (12) grew / was growing there. It was penicillin. In 1930 dietician Ruth Wakefield (13) prepared / was preparing some cookies for guests when she (14) realised / was realising that she had no chocolate powder. She (15) decided / was deciding to use small pieces of ordinary chocolate instead. The chocolate pieces (16) didn’t melt / wasn’t melting, and the first chocolate chip cookies were a great success. Dr Percy Spencer was a physicist in the 1940s who probably enjoyed chocolate chip cookies. He (17) walked / was walking past some equipment in the laboratory when he (18) felt / was feeling something strange in his pocket. It was his chocolate bar and it (19) melted / was melting. This accident (20) led / was leading to the invention of a new piece of cooking equipment – the microwave oven. 15 Put the verbs into the correct form: past simple or past continuous. From: Ada To: Becky Subject: Naomi Hi Becky, Guess what, my sister Naomi is married! She (1) got (get) home from her round the world (meet) him when she (3) trip last week with a husband!! She (2) (shop), (travel) round New Zealand. One afternoon, while her friends (4) (go) to look round an art gallery. She (6) (look) at she (5) (come) into the room and he a small sculpture when a young man (7) (start) to put it into his rucksack. She (9) (call) the security (8) (think) the man (11) (try) to steal it. She guard because she (10) (be) really embarrassed to discover that he (13) (not steal) (12) (belong) to him! Anyway, he (15) (not mind) and he it – it (14) (ask) her to go for a coffee. They (17) (get married) a month (16) (not know) anything about it! Can you believe it? later in Bali. We (18) He’s really nice and they are very happy together! Love, Ada English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 9 Units Past simple and past continuous 5–6 16 Here is part of the website of a rock star called Aidan Flanagan. Put the verbs into the correct form: past simple or past continuous. Aidan Flanagan HOME | NEWS | ABOUT | TOURS | EXTRAS Aidan Flanagan was born in 1994 in Bray near Dublin, Ireland. In 2011 he became very seriously ill. While he (1) was recovering (recover) at home, his uncle (give) him an old drumkit. He enjoyed (2) playing and practised in a friend’s garage every evening. One day in 2013, John Leaf, the manager of several (pass) the successful musicians, (3) (hear) Aidan practising. garage when he (4) (bang) on the garage door and He (5) (invite) Aidan to appear in one of the concerts he (7) (organise) (6) (not accept) Leaf’s invitation, because at that time he that year. Aidan, however, (8) (prepare) for some important school exams. (9) Aidan (10) (pass) his exams and (11) (go) to university to study (meet) Kim O’Malley, who (13) (study) engineering. There he (12) (not have) much chemistry. Kim played the saxophone. Being students, they (14) (work) as waiters at weekends. money and they usually (15) One evening in April 2016, while Aidan and Kim (16) (serve) customers, the manager (announce) that there would be no live music in the restaurant that night as the (17) (persuade) the manager to let them regular band could not come. Aidan and Kim (18) (be) amazed to hear how good their music play. All the customers and staff (19) (be). In the next six months Aidan and Kim (21) (earn) so (20) (decide) to leave university and go on tour. Their success has much money they (22) continued ever since. 17 Complete the first sentence with the verb in the past continuous. Write a second sentence with the verb in the past simple to say what happened next. Use your own ideas. 1 When my phone rang, I was watching TV. I answered it but it was a wrong number. 2 I 3 Everyone 4 When we came out of the cinema, the sun 10 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises when it started to rain. when the lights went out. Units 1371–6 145 18 Present and past (I do / I am doing and I did / I was doing) Choose the correct alternative. adam: mike: adam: mike: adam: mike: adam: mike: adam: mike: adam: mike: 19 Hello, Mike. What (1) are you doing / do you do in my part of London? Well, actually, (2) I’m looking / I look at these new flats (3) they’re building / they build down the road here. Well, (4) they’re looking / they look quite cool, but (5) I’m thinking / I think they’re quite expensive. So (6) are you wanting / do you want to move to this area? Yes. In fact, well, the news is that Mandy and I (7) are getting / get married. Oh, wow! Congratulations. When (8) were you deciding / did you decide? Only last week. It was while (9) we were staying / we stayed with her family in Scotland. Now (10) we try / we’re trying to find a suitable flat. I hope you manage to buy one of these. Oh, (11) we aren’t looking / we don’t look for one to buy. (12) We aren’t having / We don’t have enough money yet. (13) We’re wanting / We want to rent one. Yes, of course. That’s what Anna and I (14) did / were doing at first. After that, my brother (15) was lending / lent us some money. That’s how (16) we were managing / we managed to buy ours. You’re right. We must talk to our families before (17) we choose / we’re choosing a flat. Yeah, my family (18) gave / were giving us a lot of help and advice. Now, what about a sandwich at my place? It’s just round the corner. Oh yes, thanks. (19) I looked / I was looking for somewhere to eat when (20) I was bumping / I bumped into you. Put the verbs into the correct form: present simple, present continuous, past simple or past continuous. 1 I remember the day you got engaged. I was having a shower when you phoned. (have) what 2 He tried to explain his problems to his parents, but they just he was talking about. (not / understand) absolutely disgusting. (taste) 3 What have you put in my burger? It 4 Leo always claimed that he was innocent, but for many years no one him. (believe) to me. I’m just 5 It’s a great jacket, I know, but unfortunately it borrowing it for the party this evening. (not / belong) a coat? You’ll freeze to death in this cold wind! (you / not / wear) 6 Why this morning. (jog) 7 Zoe fell over and hurt her ankle when she my phone from my bag. 8 While I was admiring the view, someone (steal) that man standing at the checkout? I’m sure I know him. 9 Look! (you / see) . (prefer) 10 Tea or coffee? I’m making both, so just say which you English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 11 Units Present and past 1–6 20 There are mistakes in eight of these sentences. Correct the sentences where necessary. Write ‘OK’ if the sentence is already correct. 1 The coffee is smelling wonderful. 2 Last year we visited Australia. 3 The ship sank because the engineer wasn’t calling for help until it was too late. 4 My brother is always texting during movies. It's so distracting! 5 How is Jennifer? Does her health improve? 6 You’re quite right, I’m completely agreeing with you. 7 What did you after you left school? 8 Now I understand what you’re trying to say! 9 I can’t imagine why you were believing all those stories. 10 Martin looked forward to a quiet evening when his brother came home from the football match with ten friends. 11 Philippa heard the election result as she was driving to work, so she immediately stopped and phoned me. 12 I’m sorry, I’ve spilt your drink. Where are you keeping the paper towels? 21 The coffee smells wonderful. OK Complete the email with suitable verbs in the correct form: present simple, present continuous, past simple or past continuous. From: Alice To: Anita Subject: Hiya! Hi Anita, Thanks for the text you (1) although my back still (3) Last night I (5) I (7) my back (9) more careful. sent yesterday. I (2) if I (4) to feel better now too far. some friends who (6) to the cafe quite easily, but while I (8) to ache really badly. So today I (10) dinner near here. home, Remember that great song we heard during Laura’s birthday meal? Well, I finally to find out who sings it! They have a concert next month if you (11) to go together? You could invite John too – I know you (12) for a thank-you gift for him. (13) I must lie down now because my back (14) see me soon. I’m OK, but you know me, I (15) Love, Alice 12 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises to hurt again. Come and bored very quickly! Units 1371–6 145 22 Present and past Complete the questions with suitable verbs in the correct form: present simple, present continuous, past simple or past continuous. 1 Why are you wearing your coat and hat? 2 How often your teeth? I’m really cold. 3 Twice a day. 4 When your driving test? this programme? Last Friday. Would you like a lift somewhere? No, it’s not very interesting. 5 6 What time to bed last night? this jumper is too small for me? Not at all. It’s fine. About one o’clock I think. 7 8 What at one o’clock this morning? What time ? I was at home watching TV. Nine o’clock usually. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 13 Units 7–12 23 Present perfect simple and continuous (I have done and I have been doing) Complete the email with the present perfect simple form of the verbs. From: Theresa To: Flora Subject: Hello from NYC! Hi Flora (already / do) As you can see, I (1) ’ve arrived (arrive) safely. Paul and I (2) (I / only / be) in New York twenty-four hours. lots of things even though (3) (I / not sleep) for two days! (5) (I / take) hundreds of (4) (show) me lots of famous landmarks and photos already. Paul (6) (I / eat) a real American breakfast. (8) (I / ride) in a (7) (I / travel) on the subway too. (10) yellow cab and (9) (pay) for everything so far. (I / not spend) any money yet because Paul (11) (I / have) some sleep. I’ll email you again tomorrow when (12) Love, Theresa 1 attachment 24 14 Tick (✓) the sentence which means the same as the first sentence. 1 Have you ever visited Ibiza? a Did you visit Ibiza? b Have you been to Ibiza? ✓ c Have you visited Ibiza recently? 4 We’ve just got home from the beach. a We were at the beach very recently. b We haven’t been to the beach for a long time. c We went to the beach yesterday. 2 This is the first time I’ve been skiing. a I’ve been skiing once before. b I haven’t been skiing for a long time. c I’ve never been skiing before. 5 My manager hasn’t been at work for a week. a My manager has left the company. b My manager has been away for a week. c My manager didn’t come to work last week. 3 I’ve had two holidays this year. a I’ve just come back from holiday. b I’ve been on holiday twice this year. c I’ve been away for two weeks. 6 I haven’t checked my emails since this morning. a I have just checked my emails. b I haven’t checked my emails today. c I checked my emails this morning. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 1377–12 145 25 Present perfect simple and continuous Complete the conversation with the verbs from the box in the correct form: present perfect simple or present perfect continuous. In some cases both forms are possible. You need to use some of the verbs more than once. Read the whole conversation before you begin. be come do drive find have look Julia is being interviewed by Nicola for a job working with young children. nicola: Come in, Julia. Please sit down. Would you like a coffee? julia: Thank you, actually I (1) ’ve just had nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: julia: nicola: (just) one. Oh good. Now, do you know this area at all? Quite well. I’ve got friends who live in this here town, so I (2) for holidays since I was a child. I’m staying with them at the moment, actually. Oh, that’s nice. And do you have a driving licence? for four years now. Yes. I (3) And would you say you’re a careful driver? (never) an accident. Yes, I think so. At least I (4) Good. Now, could you tell me why you think you would be right for this job? (always) interested in working with small Well, I (5) two holiday jobs looking after children. children. And I (6) How do you think you would cope in an emergency? a first-aid course too. I’m quite a calm person, I think. I (7) I got a certificate. That’s good. Now, this job isn’t permanent, as you know. We need someone for about a year. How would that fit with your long-term plans? I’d like to work abroad eventually. But I want some full-time experience first. a Nursery Teacher’s course this year. We finish next I (8) week, in fact. When would you be able to start? As soon as I finish my course. Excellent. And would you live with your friends? in the Well, probably not. I want to rent a small flat. I (9) (not) anything yet. paper every day, but I (10) Well, if you get the job, we’ll try to help you. Now, would you like to come and meet some of the children? Oh, yes. Right, if you’ll just follow me then. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 15 Units 7–12 26 Present perfect simple and continuous Tick (✓) the sentences which are correct. In some pairs, one sentence is correct. In other pairs, both sentences are correct. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 27 She’s had a headache all day. ✓ I’ve wanted a cat for a long time. They’ve eaten lunch. I’ve known her for two years. He’s been very helpful. He’s tasted the soup. They’ve seen this movie before. I’ve seen a throat specialist. We’ve realised where we are now. It’s belonged to us for many years. He’s explained the plan to us. You’ve broken my phone! She’s been having a headache all day. I’ve been wanting a cat for a long time. They’ve been eating lunch. I’ve been knowing her for two years. He’s been being very helpful. He’s been tasting the soup. They’ve been seeing this movie before. I’ve been seeing a throat specialist. We’ve been realising where we are now. It’s been belonging to us for many years. He’s been explaining the plan to us. You’ve been breaking my phone! Put the verbs into the correct form: present perfect simple or present perfect continuous. 1 John’s terribly upset. He’s broken off (he / break off) his engagement to Megan. Apparently she’s been seeing (she / see) someone else while he’s been (he / be) in Africa. 2 Could you translate this Arabic song for me? I understood Arabic when I was a child, (I / forget) it all. but (you / have) 3 What’s that mark on the side of the car? an accident? (you / play about) with it? 4 The lock on this case is broken. (you / study) it long? 5 Your Portuguese is very good. (you / never / ask) 6 Of course you don’t know what I think! my opinion. (he / fail) the exam. 7 I’m not surprised (he / not / work) hard recently. (she / repair) her bike. 8 Mina’s hands are very dirty. (they / swim) 9 I’m going to make some lunch for the kids. all morning. I’m sure they’re hungry. (I / do) grammar exercises all morning. I deserve a break. 10 (I / lose) 11 Where’s my phone? This is the third time it today! (you / grumble) all weekend! 12 Oh, do be quiet. 13 Since Maria won that talent show (she / spend) money like there’s no tomorrow. (she / move) to a big new (she / buy) a new car and (she / throw) wonderful parties at her new house house. every weekend too. In fact, I’m going to one tomorrow. 16 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 1377–12 145 28 Present perfect simple and continuous Complete the sentences with the verbs in the correct form: present perfect simple or present perfect continuous. 1 earlier this morning 2 now a moment ago now Why do you need a new phone? You look very tired. I’ve been cleaning my room all morning. Because I Yes, I am. 3 earlier this afternoon . 4 now earlier this year How did you get in such a mess? now You dance much better than you used to! Thank you. Actually, I . Well, I sausages. 5 about now 6 now earlier now Isn’t your husband here? You’re looking very nice. Thanks, I . Sorry, no. He . 7 a few minutes ago 8 now Why are you crying? earlier this week now Can you give me a lift to work tomorrow? Don’t worry. It’s because I I’m afraid I can’t. You see, I . . English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 17 Units 5, 7–14 29 Present perfect simple and continuous; past simple (I have done and I have been doing; I did) Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence. 1 We haven’t been to a beach party for over a year. The last time we went to a beach party was over a year ago. 2 Your wedding was the last time I wore a long dress. since your wedding. I 3 It’s nearly twenty years since my father saw his brother. for nearly twenty years. My father 4 James went to Bratislava last Friday and is still there. to Bratislava. James has 5 When did you learn to drive? to drive? How long is it 6 The last time I went scuba diving was when we were in Egypt. we were in Egypt. I haven’t 7 You haven’t cut the grass for weeks. the grass. It’s weeks 8 We started looking for a flat two months ago and we’re still looking. a flat for two months. We’ve 9 This is the first time I’ve been to a spa. to a spa before. I 10 Kim lost her job a year ago and is still trying to find one. a job for a whole year. Kim 30 Use your own ideas to complete the sentences. Use the present perfect simple, the present perfect continuous or the past simple. 1 Since we bought this car, we’ve done lots of trips round the country. or we’ve been doing lots of trips round the country. 2 My colleague was ill, so I had to work overtime 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 18 When I was a child, It’s three weeks since For the past three weeks Last December English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises last week. for several years. since yesterday. . five minutes ago. . . in 2016. since I came into this room. . since I got up this morning. Units 1371–4, 7–12 145 31 Present perfect and present (I have done / I have been doing and I do / I am doing) Choose the correct alternative. Megan meets her friend Jess in a cafe. megan: jess: megan: jess: megan: jess: megan: jess: megan: steve: megan: steve: jess: steve: jess: steve: megan: Hi, Jess, how are you? (1) I haven’t seen / I haven’t been seeing you since the summer. No, (2) I’ve been revising / I’ve revised for my exams. They’re next week. What about you? Well, a few days ago I met a website designer, Steve, (3) who’s looking / who’s been looking for some help for weeks. (4) He offers / He’s offered me some work from next week. That’s great. Yeah, and every day since then (5) I look / I’ve been looking at his sites. (6) He’s designed / He’s been designing three or four really cool ones already. But (7) he doesn’t have / he isn’t having enough time to do all the new ones. That’s why (8) he’s needing / he needs me. That’s really good. Hey, who’s that guy over there? (9) He’s looked / He’s been looking at us since we met. Oh, wow, that’s Steve, the guy (10) I’ve been telling / I tell you about. (11) He’s looking / He looks like a student or something. Shh. (12) He’s coming / He comes over. Hi, Megan. Hi Steve, this is my friend Jess. Hello. (13) Do you using / Are you using the wi-fi in here at the moment? Yes. (14) I come / I’m coming here most days for lunch and since there’s free wi-fi (15) I’ve checked / I’ve been checking my email at the same time. And (16) do you enjoy / are you enjoying the food here? Er, yes. It’s always very good. But why? Oh, just interested. (17) I own / I’m owning this cafe. I didn’t know that! English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 19 Units 1–4, 7–12 32 Present perfect and present Complete the sentences with the verbs from the box in the correct form: present perfect simple, present perfect continuous, present simple or present continuous. not / be deal not / speak not / finish have not / know live see not / see stare stay suffer wait not / want watch 1 I haven’t finished answering my emails because I ’ve been dealing with customers all morning. any more juice. I 2 Thank you, but I really two large glasses already. from earache since the weekend. He 3 Paul the doctor twice, but it’s still not better. why Sara is upset, but she to us for ages. 4 We you at me like that? I suppose you 5 Why anyone with rainbow-coloured hair before! with my cousin in London for a few days. I 6 I here for several years, so he can show me around. here before, but he you a long time? 7 I’m sorry I’m late. this stupid film since lunchtime. Let’s switch over to another channel. 8 We 33 Complete the email with suitable verbs in the correct form: present perfect simple, present perfect continuous, present simple or present continuous. From: Roberto & Jan To: Nick Subject: Greetings from Prague Dear Nick, We (1) ’re having a wonderful time here in Prague. We (2) here for three days now and we (3) to stay for the rest of the week because we (4) We (5) ourselves so much. the Charles Bridge and the Castle, and this morning we walked around other historic places, including Kafka’s house. I took this photo just before lunch. We (6) any souvenirs yet, but we (7) some good art galleries and shops. Fortunately, the weather (8) People (9) it can be really bad at this time of year and of course it often (10) (11) heavily here! As this is the first time we to Prague, we (12) See you soon, Roberto and Jan 20 too cold so far. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises that we’re just lucky. Units 1371–4, 7–12 145 34 Present perfect and present Put the verbs into the correct form: present perfect simple, present perfect continuous, present simple or present continuous. Sam is the captain of his local football team. He’s talking to his brother, Dave. sam: dave: sam: dave: sam: dave: sam: dave: sam: dave: sam: dave: sam: Dave, I’m worried about the team. But why? (1) You’ve won (You / win) every game this season. (we / be) very lucky. Yeah, (2) (what / cause) me problems now. That’s (3) How come? (we / practise) twice a week since Well, (4) the beginning of this season and (5) (that / really / make) a difference. Now, some of the guys say that’s not necessary (we / always / win). The thing because (6) (we / not / practise) is, I’m afraid that if (7) so often, we may start losing matches. (8) (we / play) Donnington on Saturday and (9) (everyone / agree) they’re a really strong team. I’m worried because the trouble is, (we / not / practise) since Monday. (10) (you / have) a problem. I can see (11) What can you do? I think the problem is really Callum. (who / play) for you since The big guy (12) last season? (he / usually / score) most of the Yeah, and (13) goals. The trouble is, since the summer (14) (he / arrive) for training really late. And now several of the other players in the team (begin) to do the same. When I try (15) (he / refuse) to listen to to talk to him, (16) (I / say). what (17) Well, you’re the captain, tell him he can’t play in the match against Donnington if (he / not / listen) to you. (18) OK, but (19) (I / not / like) to speak to people like that. What if he gets angry and leaves the team? I’m sure he won’t. Yeah, well. (20) (I / hope) not. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 21 Units 1–5, 7–12 35 Present perfect, present and past (I have done / I have been doing, I do / I am doing and I did) There are seven mistakes in this email. Correct the mistakes. From: firstname.lastname@example.org To: email@example.com Subject: Temporary manager Dear Mr Aziz, I have seen I would like to apply for the job of temporary manager which I see advertised on your website. I am twenty years old. I was born in Poland, but my family moved to England when I was twelve and I am living here ever since. I left school since three years and since then I am having several jobs in tourism and marketing. For the past six months I am working for Go-Places Agency. The manager has been saying that he is willing to give me a reference. I speak Polish and English fluently. I have also learnt Spanish since I left school, so I speak some Spanish too. I hope you will consider my application. Yours sincerely, Marianna Nowak 36 Write an email applying for this job. You may write for yourself or you may invent an applicant. Student jobsearch Temporary jobs Assistant shop manager – Allingham Busy souvenir shop seeks bright, helpful person for two months in summer. Must speak fluent English in addition to at least one other language. Experience and qualifications not essential, but desirable. Good pay and conditions. Email giving details + one referee to firstname.lastname@example.org From: To: email@example.com Subject: Assistant shop manager 22 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units Present perfect and past simple 13713–14 145 (I have done / I have been doing and I did) 37 Match the beginning of each sentence with the most suitable ending to make a story. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 38 The Ocean Hotel opened There’s been a sushi restaurant there I went for a meal there I lost my coat I phoned the restaurant The manager asked me to wait That’s why I’ve felt cold a b c d e f g half an hour ago. last night. in 2018. since January. all day. when I went there. for a few days in case it’s found. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 c Choose the correct alternative. 1 2 3 4 5 6 My sister has been / was interested in medicine ever since she has been / she was a child. How long have you studied / did you study before you have qualified / you qualified? Where have you first met / did you first meet your boyfriend? Is this the first time you’ve cooked / you cooked dinner for the whole family? We’ve wanted / We wanted to go to out last night, but we haven’t had / we didn’t have any money. What can we do? I’m sure something has happened / happened to Alex. We’ve been calling / We called him for over an hour and he still hasn’t answered / he still hasn’t been answering. 7 We have posted / We posted the contract to you three weeks ago. If you haven’t received / you didn’t receive it yet, please email us immediately. 8 I’m exhausted because I’ve worked / I’ve been working in a restaurant for the past three weeks. I’ve never realised / I never realised before how hard the work is! 39 Complete the sentences with the verbs from the box in the correct form: present perfect or past simple. be go 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 be break have offer earn forget phone tell give train Ben has been Gina Pippa Eric How long off work all this week. to the cinema every weekend when she was a student. very quiet recently. Is she OK? every day for six months before he ran the marathon. Nick his current job? Tina her parents since she left home? my toe. Ow, that hurt! I think I me about his problems last night. Jack Sue’s address. Do you have it? I more money in her last job, but she enjoys this one more. Jane Mark you his phone number before he left? to lend me his car tomorrow, so I needn’t get the bus. 12 My brother English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 23 Units 13–14 Present perfect and past simple 40 Put the verbs into the correct form: present perfect simple or past simple. Read the whole text before you begin. Then and Now Thirty years ago only a few people (1) realised (realise) how greatly technology was about to transform everyone’s daily lives. These few decades (2) (see) enormous changes in how people live, study and work. Trips to the supermarket which once (3) (take) half the weekend have been replaced with online ordering. Music lovers who once (4) (spend) hours wandering around shops, simply download the tracks they want to hear. Information which (require) hours of research in (5) a library (6) (become) available to anybody in a few clicks on the keyboard. The spread of laptops and wi-fi (7) (enable) students and business people to work almost anywhere at anytime and mobile phones (8) (transform) the way people organise their lives. However, some people question how much our lives (9) (improve) over these years. Online banking, for example, (10) (replace) the friendly bank 24 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises clerk who (11) (know) your name with an impersonal website. Teachers complain that students (12) (learn) to copy and paste instead of thinking for themselves. There are fears that governments and companies (13) (not / do) enough to safeguard personal data stored online. Certainly, some of us may now be wondering whether modern technology (14) (bring) us as many problems as it (15) (solve). Units 137- Present perfect and past simple 13–14 145 41 Alex wants to go to an art college and is being interviewed by Tom Smith, one of the lecturers. Complete the questions which Tom asks him. Read the whole conversation before you begin. tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: tom: alex: Right, Alex, let’s find out something about you. When (1) did you leave school? Five years ago, actually. since then? And what (2) Well, I’ve had several jobs. first? What (3) I worked in a cafe for about a year. I needed to save a lot of money. the money? Why (4) I wanted to travel a bit before I started studying. to go? Where (5) Well, the Middle East, Latin America, Australia … all those places? Wow! And (6) No, not yet. I’ve been to Brazil and Peru so far. And I spent some months in Turkey. there? Where (7) With some friends near Izmir. It was great. You’re very lucky. And now you want to come to college. some work to show me? (8) Um, yes, I’ve got some paintings here. these? Where (9) Mostly in Turkey. anything in South America? (10) No, I didn’t have time to paint. And I was travelling light, so I just did some pencil sketches. They’re behind the paintings. Well, Alex, I’m very impressed. When (11) interested in painting and drawing? I think I always have been. I can believe that. This work is very good. Thank you very much. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 25 Units 13–14 Present perfect and past simple 42 Choose ten of the pictures and write true sentences about yourself. Use the present perfect or past simple. do / washing-up drive / car eat / noodles wear / hat ride / motorbike get / married play / computer game play / golf pass / exam break / leg watch / TV ride / bike study / English drink / milk text / my best friend 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 26 I haven’t ridden a bike Yesterday I In the past six months I Since my last birthday I I Last year I Six months ago I I I This week I English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises since last month. . . . recently. . . since I was a child. yesterday evening. . Units Past simple, past continuous and past perfect 1375–6, 15–16 145 (I did, I was doing and I had done / I had been doing) 43 Choose the correct alternative. From: To: Cc: Subject: firstname.lastname@example.org GHL@zapnet.com email@example.com INTERNATIONAL STUDENT CONFERENCE Hi, The talks Thought you’d like to know that the conference was very successful. (1) were / had been really interesting and all the speakers (2) had prepared / prepared their material very thoroughly. Everyone agreed we should do the same next year. When we However there were some problems with the conference centre. (3) arrived / had arrived, we (4) discovered / had discovered that the manager (5) reserved / had reserved the wrong room for us. This meant that we (6) didn’t have / hadn’t had enough space. Unfortunately, he couldn’t let us have the larger room because he (7) gave / had given it to another group, which was even bigger than ours. He (8) also misunderstood / had also misunderstood the form explaining what lunch options we (9) wanted / had wanted. In fact, we (10) suspected / had suspected that he (11) lost / had lost it. I recommend not using that venue again! Best wishes, Nonna 44 There are mistakes in all of these sentences. Correct the sentences. as we hadn’t seen each other 1 I was pleased to see my friends from uni at the 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 conference last week as we didn’t see each other since graduation. By the time we reached the stadium, the match ended and the spectators were leaving. At the end of the meal, he found he couldn’t pay his share of the bill because he didn’t bring his wallet. We were pleased that Gary was having his laptop with him, but we were less pleased when we discovered that he hadn’t charged the battery. When I came out of the cinema, I had found that a thief had taken my phone from my bag. At first the authorities thought the athlete had been using drugs, but they soon realised the lab mixed up the test results. When my cousin came into the room, I didn’t recognise him because I didn’t see him since he was a child. We couldn’t find anywhere central to stay when we arrived in Rome, so we had decided to book a hotel room the next time. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 27 Units 5–6, Past simple, past continuous and past perfect 15–16 45 Complete the sentences with suitable verbs in the correct form: past perfect simple or past perfect continuous. 1 2 Why did Vicki have a shower? Why didn’t Becca call me last night? VICKI she’d been working out . Because BECCA Because she . 3 4 Why didn’t Jordan answer the door? Why didn’t Simon arrive for his interview? JORDAN SIMON Because he Because he . . 5 6 ALEX Why didn’t Alex eat any lunch? Why did Cora miss the bus? CORA Because she Because he . . 7 8 ELLIE Why didn’t Ellie go to the beach? Why did Chris lose his job? CHRIS Because he . Because she . 28 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 1375–6, Past simple, past continuous and past perfect 15–16 145 46 Put the verbs into the correct form: past simple, past continuous, past perfect simple or past perfect continuous. Kylie has called to see her friend Gary. They are both angry. gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: kylie: gary: Kylie, I’m surprised to see you. Yeah? Well, I think you owe me an explanation. What about you? (1) I saw (I / see) you in the cafe with your sister last night. (We / arrange) to meet at the cinema, if you remember. (2) (you / not / come) into the cafe if you saw me? So why (3) (I / be) extremely angry. And also extremely cold. (4) (I / wait) outside the cinema for three-quarters of an hour. (5) (you / not / get) my texts? But why? (6) What texts? (I / send) you yesterday afternoon. And the one The text (7) from the cafe yesterday evening. What are you taking about? (I / walk) past the cinema yesterday lunchtime when (8) (I / notice) that (10) (9) (I / text) you to tell you. (they / change) the movie. So (11) (I / send) you a message from the cafe to to say Then (12) where I was last night. (I / not / get) any texts from you yesterday. (13) (I / try) to phone you but there was no answer. (14) What? Let me look at your phone. Yes, there’s your call to me but not my texts to you. But look on my phone. Here are my two texts to you. And you can see, (I / not receive) any texts or a call from you yesterday. (15) (My phone / not / work) properly all last Oh, no! (16) week so I took it back to the shop. I thought (17) (they / mend) it but obviously not. I’m so sorry I was angry. It’s just that, well, while (I / wait), (19) (I / worry) about (18) (what / happen) to you. Then (21) (20) (You / laugh) with your sister and (I / see) you in the cafe. (22) (I / realise) that (24) (you / sit) (23) (I / lose) there in the warm with her all evening. That’s why (25) my temper. Never mind. Let’s forget it. Where shall we go now? What’s on at the cinema, then? (My sister / see) it at the weekend. A new musical. (26) (She / sing) the theme song all day yesterday. (27) Oh, you must be tired of hearing it. I am. Let’s just go and have something to eat, shall we? Yes, that’s a good idea. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 29 Units 5–6, 18 Past simple, past continuous and used to (I did, I was doing and I used to do) 47 Write sentences with used to or didn’t use to and the verbs provided. 1 I had a yacht, but I sold it when my business failed. (own) I used to own a yacht. 2 I often eat olives now, although I wasn’t keen on them when I was younger. (like) 3 I seem to have lost interest in meeting new people. (enjoy) 4 My sister has started visiting art galleries since moving to Paris. (be interested) 5 Now that I’m married, I have less time for football. (play) 6 My brother had his hair cut short when he left college. (have) 7 I didn’t really see my uncle until he bought a house near ours. (live) 8 My husband had a job in Beijing before we lived here. (work) 9 I retired from the university five years ago. (teach) 10 We’ve bought bikes since we moved to the countryside. (cycle) 48 Choose the correct alternative. It is sometimes said that there is nothing new in the world of fashion. Annabelle was a well-known model during the seventies. When her granddaughter Zoe was a schoolchild, she (1) was enjoying / used to enjoy looking at granny’s old photo albums. She (2) was finding / found it hard to believe that granny (3) was wearing / used to wear such strange clothes. (4) Did people really use to think / Were people really thinking flared trousers looked good? And those ugly platform shoes! Annabelle (5) was admitting / admitted that people (6) were often falling / often used to fall over because their heels were so high. When Zoe went to university, however, Annabelle noticed to her amusement that seventies styles (7) were / used to be in fashion again. ‘I (8) planned / was planning to throw all my old clothes away,’ she said, ‘but Zoe went to a party last week, and guess what she (9) used to wear / was wearing – that’s right, some of my old clothes!’ 30 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 1375–6, 145 18 49 Past simple, past continuous and used to Underline the verbs which can be changed to used to (used to work / used to play / used to be etc.) instead of the past simple. If no change is possible, write ‘No change’. Rewrite the sentences with used to where possible. 1 In the winter vacation, Dan worked in a cafe while his friends were skiing. In the winter vacation, Dan used to work in a cafe while his friends were skiing. 2 Theo cycled from Naples to Athens last summer, stopping each night in a different town. No change 3 My mother had a favourite handbag which she had bought with her first pay cheque. 4 As Lynda was getting out of the boat, her foot slipped and she fell into the river. 5 Before the new shopping centre was built, there was a football stadium here. 6 Jamie complained that the street wasn’t full of litter until the fast food restaurant opened. 7 During our cruise I took several photos of the seabirds which followed the ship. 8 While I was waiting for the bus, I noticed a group of tourists who were listening to a guide. 9 The music in this club was terrible until they installed a new sound system. 10 I spent a lot of time helping with the housework when I was a kid, but my sister didn’t help at all. 11 The politicians made lots of promises before the election but kept none of them, as usual. 50 Write true sentences about yourself with used to or didn’t use to and the words from the box. cinema computer games friends grandparents homework jeans music restaurants 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 I used to go on holiday with my parents, but now I go with my friends. I didn’t use to wear jeans when I was a child. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 31 Units 5–6, 18 51 Past simple, past continuous and used to Complete the sentences with suitable verbs in the correct form: past simple, past continuous or used to. 1 2 When did Ellie meet her husband? Why does Warren keep shouting at people? WARREN ELLIE I think it was while she was studying in the States. 3 I don’t know. He so bad-tempered. 4 How long is it since you Is the bank shut already? a holiday? Yeah, it open much later than it does now. Not since last year. 5 What were you doing on your phone? 6 I some cinema tickets for tomorrow night. 7 I didn’t know you understood Italian! Oh, I I 32 it while in Rome. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Have you ever ridden a motorbike? Yes, once. But I off at a roundabout. 8 How do you know London so well? Well, I here. Units 1371–18 145 52 Present, present perfect and past Choose the correct alternative. A pete: Whereabouts in Brighton (1) do you live / did you live / have you lived when (2) you were / you’ve been / you were being a child? patrick: The part called Kemp Town. (3) Do you know / Did you know / Have you known it? pete: Oh, yes. (4) I was eating / I used to eat / I’ve eaten there most weekends when (5) I was doing / I’ve been doing / I’ve done my degree at the university. B helen: clara: helen: clara: helen: clara: helen: 53 When (6) are you hearing / did you hear / have you heard the result of your law exam? When (7) I phoned / I’ve phoned / I’d phoned my boss. (8) She’s checking / She’s been checking / She was checking the results when (9) I’d rung / I rang / I was ringing, so (10) she’s told / she was telling / she told me then. (11) Do you expect / Have you expected / Had you been expecting to do so well? Not really, to be honest! (12) Are you telling / Do you tell / Have you told your husband yet? Not yet. Go on! (13) He waited / He’s waited / He’s been waiting to hear from you all day. Put the verbs into the correct form: present simple, present continuous, past simple, past continuous, present perfect simple, present perfect continuous or past perfect simple. 1 Tom has started training regularly since he joined (join) the gym. (you / visit) your brother’s family when 2 How often (you / be) in Singapore last year? (not top up) my smart card yet. How much 3 I (you / think) I need for a month? (realise) 4 The filling station manager called the police when he (drive) off without paying for their petrol. that someone (seem) much better these days than it 5 Sharon’s health (take) more exercise as the doctor used to be. Perhaps she (advise). (set) fire to his kitchen last week when he 6 Eddie (fry) sausages. He (sort out) the mess ever since, as you can imagine. (spend) 7 My grandmother was a wonderful woman. She (miss) the most of her life teaching adults who (be) children. opportunity to learn to read when they (always / want) to visit Japan. Now that I finally 8 I (have) the chance, I (decide) to take it. (arrive) at the music festival on Friday afternoon, but a 9 We (get) there in the morning and the queue at lot of people (be) already long. the entry gates (have) such a 10 My sister’s in Vietnam at the moment. She (want) to stay another six months. great time she English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 33 Units The future: present tenses and will/shall 19, 21–22 (I do / I am doing and I will/shall do) 54 Choose the correct alternative. A ben: sam: B mia: andy: C will: Yes. (1) I prepare / I’m preparing for a conference next Wednesday, but (2) that only lasts / that is only lasting until Friday so I’m free after that. Oh dear, I’ve spilt my coffee. Don’t worry! (3) I get / I’ll get a cloth. What time (4) does your evening class finish / is your evening class finishing? liz: Half past nine. will: (5) Shall I come / Do I come and collect you? liz: Thanks, but (6) I meet / I’m meeting my sister for a drink. D mike: 55 Are you busy at the moment, Sam? Mum, (7) will you talk / are you talking to Lucas for me? mum: What’s the problem? mike: Last week he said I could borrow his car at the weekend, but now (8) he doesn’t let / he won’t let me after all. I need it to get to the match (9) I play / I’m playing on Sunday. mum: OK. (10) I try / I’ll try to make him change his mind. I expect (11) he’s agreeing / he’ll agree if I offer to take him to work and fetch him afterwards. Complete the text conversation with the verbs from the box in the correct form: present simple, present continuous or will. be call go include let look work Hey Milo! I’ve had an idea about next year’s holiday. I (1) tour, starting on 10th July. Would you like to come too? Hey Pedro. (2) company (3) Great! The tour (4) Sounds busy! I hope there (5) chances to take a break and relax too. Definitely. Have a look at their website www.tourfarther.com and let me know what you think quickly because I (6) the travel agent tomorrow. Count me in. I (7) forward to it! 34 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises ’m going to the Far East on a in Moscow next summer, but I’m sure my me fly there via the Far East. ancient sites in Vietnam, Cambodia, and Malaysia. Units The future: present tenses and will/shall 13719, 145 21–22 56 Put the verbs into the correct form: present simple, present continuous or the will/shall future. Gina and Mickey are going to an international students’ conference. Gina’s checking with Mickey about the arrangements he’s made for them. gina: mickey: gina: mickey: gina: mickey: gina: mickey: gina: mickey: gina: mickey: 57 Is everything arranged for tomorrow? What time (1) does our plane leave (our plane / leave)? (I / collect) you from your At seven-thirty, so (2) house at five. (I / have to) get up in the middle of Five! (3) the night. I’m sorry, but we must check in by six and (4) (there / probably / be) a long queue. Oh, OK. What about the other end? (a local student / come) to the airport to Well, (5) meet us. He texted me this morning. (We / be able to) talk to him on That’s good. (6) the way to the hostel. (the conference / not start) Right. I know (7) (they / email) the until late afternoon and (8) programme to us before we leave. (I / read) it on the plane. Now, I’d Great. (9) better go and pack. Yeah, me too. See you tomorrow at five. (I / be) awake. Oh, yeah. I hope (10) So do I. Complete the following sentences about yourself using the words in brackets. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 This lesson ends at twelve o’clock At the weekend I’ll probably go to the cinema Next summer When I finish this exercise, Tomorrow evening I expect At the end of my course My next class Next week My course . (end) . (probably go) . (visit) . (be) . (eat) . (probably speak) . (begin) . (have) . (finish) English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 35 Units The future: present tenses and will/shall 19, 21–22 58 Imagine that you are in the following situations. Write what you say using will, shall or won’t. 1 2 YOU YOU Don’t be late. You offer to help her. You say: I’ll take the bag for you. or Shall I carry something? You promise not to be late. You say: 3 4 YOU YOU We haven’t got anything to do. Can you deliver before the weekend? You agree to deliver the goods on Friday. You say: You suggest going to the swimming pool. You say: 5 6 YOU YOU You ask them to stop fighting. You say: You explain the problem with the door. You say: 7 8 YOU YOU You offer to phone for an ambulance. You say: 36 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises You refuse to pay for the goods until you’ve checked that they aren’t damaged. You say: Units The future: present continuous, will/shall, going to 13719–23 145 (I am doing, I will/shall do and I am going to do) 59 Write sentences with going to and the words in brackets. 1 It’s Noah’s birthday next week. (send him a card) I’m going to send him a card. 2 Look at those dark clouds. (rain very soon) 3 John forgot his Mum’s birthday. (be in trouble) 4 This room is a mess. (who / help me tidy up?) 5 Alex and Tony can’t afford to stay in a hotel. (buy a tent) 6 This food is terrible. (not come to this restaurant again) 7 I need to get more exercise. (walk to work from now on) 8 I’m very tired this morning. (have another coffee) 9 We haven’t got enough money for the bus. (how / get home?) 10 I need to leave home very early tomorrow. (buy petrol tonight) 11 My parents dislike flying. (travel to Prague by train) 12 Leila’s phone isn’t working. (contact her?) 60 Choose the correct alternative. 1 The sports club has put up the prices again. I’ll cancel / I’m going to cancel my membership. 2 I’ve talked to my boss, but he’s very unhelpful and won’t do / isn’t going to do anything about the problem. 3 I’ll go / I’m going to go into town this afternoon. Can I get you anything? 4 Will you hold / Are you going to hold this box for a moment while I open the car? 5 I hear the government’s announced they’ll raise / they’re going to raise taxes again. 6 My car won’t start / isn’t going to start. It must be the cold. 7 I’ll start / I’m going to start a new job next week. 8 I’m so sorry I forgot your birthday. Why don’t you come round tomorrow evening and I’ll cook / I’m going to cook you a meal? 9 I took these trousers back to the shop, but they won’t change / aren’t going to change them without a receipt. 10 You look tired. Shall we eat / Are we going to eat early this evening? 11 John’s sold his car. He’ll buy / He’s going to buy a bike, he says. 12 I’ve decided what to do for my holiday. I’ll go / I’m going to go to Morocco. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 37 Units 19–23 The future: present continuous, will/shall, going to 61 Put the verbs into the correct form: the will/shall future or the going to future. Mary and Nigel run a sportswear shop together. They are having money problems. Monday we’re going to do (we / do). We’ve hardly made any money mary: I don’t know what (1) for ages. nigel: I think we should advertise. We can send out leaflets. Yes. (2) That’ll probably get (That / probably / get) the shop more widely known. mary: (people / come) here? But do you think (3) nigel: Well, we could try to get more online sales. mary: Yes, we need to improve our website. (4) (I / phone) the designer. And what about advertising on local radio? nigel: Good idea. (5) mary: OK, thanks. (I / phone) them? Tuesday mary: We haven’t got enough money to pay for radio advertising and updating the website. (I / see) I’ve been in touch with the bank. (6) a business advisor called William there on Friday. nigel: (7) mary: I hope so. (he / help) us to get a loan, do you think? Friday 38 william: So you want to borrow some money. How do you want to spend it? mary: (We / advertise) on the radio and update (8) our website. We’ve planned it carefully. We only need £10,000. william: (The bank / lend) you the money. OK. (9) But you must pay us back in three months. Can you do that? mary: (10) william: Now, I just need a few more details, then (11) (I / help) you fill in the necessary forms. mary: Thank you. william: You’re welcome. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises (We / do) it, I promise. Units 137- The future: present continuous, will/shall, going to 19–23 145 62 Complete the conversations. Use will/shall, going to or the present continuous. A ann: It just said on the radio that (1) ’ll take bill: Oh, did it? I (2) joe: Good idea. So (3) B ed: . my big coat then. . Come on, Bill. Let’s go. Jenny’s had her baby. her some flowers. gail: Really? That’s wonderful! (4) ed: (5) her this afternoon at the hospital. (6) them to her for you if you want. (7) (8) you? Thanks very much. In that case, and buy them right away. gail: C caleb: I haven’t got a clean shirt. (9) mum: 63 it’s going to snow No, (10) own washing! one for me? . You’re 18 years old – you can do your Write what you would say in these situations. Use will/shall, going to or the present continuous. 1 You make your friend a cup of sweet coffee, then she tells you she doesn’t take sugar. Offer to make her another one. You: I’m sorry, I’ll make you another one. 2 A colleague asks why you’re leaving work early. Explain that you have arranged to meet your grandmother at the airport. You: 3 Your brother lent you some money last week. Promise to pay him back at the weekend. You: 4 Your sister has bought some clothes from a cheap website. You want to buy some too and you’ve asked her several times for the address, but she refuses to tell you. Ask why. You: 5 You failed an exam last year. Since then you’ve been working hard. Tell your teacher it’s because you’re determined not to fail again. You: 6 Your neighbour is playing loud music late at night. You get angry and ask him to turn the volume down. You: 7 You’ve been offered a role in a film and have accepted. Tell your friends about it. You: 8 A friend is telling you about her travel scholarship. Ask her which countries she plans to visit. You: English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 39 Units 19–25 64 40 The future: all forms Put the verbs into the correct form: present simple, present continuous, the will/shall future, the going to future, the future continuous or the future perfect. A Mick is watching television when his flatmate Vanessa comes into the room. mick: What are you doing in your dressing gown? It’s only eight o’clock. vanessa: I don’t feel well. (1) I’m going to have (I / have) an early night. mick: Bad luck. I hope (2) you feel (you / feel) better in the morning. (I / meet) vanessa: So do I. (3) my new boss at ten o’clock. (I / make) some tea when this programme mick: I think (4) (finish). (6) (I / bring) you (5) a cup? (I / try) and go straight to sleep. vanessa: No, don’t bother. (7) Thanks anyway. mick: OK. Sleep well. B Sandy and Alison are students who have been sharing a flat. Sandy is leaving to do a course in the U.S. sandy: It’s hard saying goodbye after so long. alison: Yeah. Remember to send me your phone number when (8) (you / get) your new phone in the States. And you’ve promised to Skype® me. (I / probably / not / have) sandy: Yeah, we can do that a lot. But (9) (my course / start) as time the first few days because (10) (I / arrive), and (12) soon as (11) (I / spend) the weekend with some friends of my father’s. alison: I know, of course. sandy: Anyway, do you know what (you / do) (13) this time the Sunday after next? (I / get) alison: (14) ready to go to London. sandy: OK. So, (15) (I / Skype) you about three o’clock that Sunday afternoon. alison: Great. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 13726–27 145 65 can, could and be able to Choose the correct alternative. 1 Why did you walk from the station? You could phone / could have phoned me for a lift. 2 I loved staying with my grandparents when I was a child. They let me read all their books and told me I could go / was able to go to bed as late as I wanted. 3 This carpet was priced at £500, but I could get / was able to get a discount because of this little mark in the corner. 4 I couldn’t have got / haven’t been able to get online all morning. It’s making my life impossible! 5 I’ve no idea where my brother is now. He can be / could be at the North Pole for all I know. 6 It’s hard to imagine how scientists cope with the Antarctic climate. I’m sure I can’t / couldn’t. 7 We could cook / could have cooked in our holiday flat, but we preferred to eat out. 66 Tick (✓) the best sentence in each pair, or tick both if both are possible. 1 a I broke my new necklace but luckily my sister could fix it for me. ✗ b I broke my new necklace but luckily my sister was able to fix it for me. ✓ 2 a Emily was with Tom when her phone was stolen, so she could use his to call me. b Emily was with Tom when her phone was stolen, so she was able to use his to call me. 3 a I didn’t enjoy the match because I forgot my glasses. I couldn’t see the ball. b I didn’t enjoy the match because I forgot my glasses. I wasn’t able to see the ball. 4 a In the end, Marion could come with us because her meeting was cancelled. b In the end, Marion was able to come with us because her meeting was cancelled. 5 a Toby couldn’t speak Dutch when he arrived in Holland, but he’s almost fluent now. b Toby wasn’t able to speak Dutch when he arrived in Holland, but he’s almost fluent now. 6 a I’d planned to get a taxi after the party, but luckily I could have a lift with Kate. b I’d planned to get a taxi after the party, but luckily I was able to have a lift with Kate. 7 a We really wanted to buy a new car last year, but we just couldn’t afford it. b We really wanted to buy a new car last year, but we just weren’t able to afford it. 8 a My brother could read well by the age of seven, but he had problems with maths. b My brother was able to read well by the age of seven, but he had problems with maths. 9 a Last night we heard a noise outside our window and when we turned off the light inside, we could see a fox by the rubbish bin. b Last night we heard a noise outside our window and when we turned off the light inside, we were able to see a fox by the rubbish bin. 10 a One day last week I locked my sister out of the house by mistake, but luckily she could get in through an open window! b One day last week I locked my sister out of the house by mistake, but luckily she was able to get in through an open window! English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 41 Units 29–30 67 may and might Answer the questions with might or might have and the ideas in brackets. 1 What flavour ice cream shall we buy for Liz, vanilla or strawberry? (prefer chocolate) She might prefer chocolate. 2 Why is Alan in such a bad mood today? (sleep badly last night) He might have slept badly last night. 3 Why didn’t Jane come to the party with her boyfriend last night? (have a row) 4 Why is Anna looking under the desk? (drop something) 5 I can’t remember where I put my bag. Do you know where it is? (be under the bed) 6 Why hasn’t anybody said ‘Happy Birthday’ to me? (plan a surprise) 7 Why does Henry look so miserable? (have some bad news) 8 Why isn’t Sophie in the office today? (work at home) 9 Why didn’t Rosie come to the cinema last night? (have something better to do) 68 Use might to complete the sentences which explain why you should follow this advice. 1 You should reserve a seat on the train for long journeys. If you don’t, you might have to stand all the way 2 You’d better not leave your laptop in the garden. If you do, someone might steal it 3 You should use a satnav when you drive in London. If you don’t, 4 You should allow plenty of time to go through security checks at the airport. If you don’t, 5 You ought not to eat too much fast food. If you do, 6 You’d better revise thoroughly before your exam. If you don’t, 7 You should have your car serviced regularly. If you don’t, 8 You shouldn’t stay out late the night before you start a new job. If you do, 9 You ought to arrive punctually for meetings with your boss. If you don’t, 10 You shouldn’t shout at your brother. If you do, 42 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises . . . . . . . . . . Units 13726–30 145 69 70 can, could, may, might, must and can’t Match the beginning of each sentence with the most suitable ending. 1 You must have met some fascinating people a after all your hard work. 2 You must know Tokyo is expensive b for your next holiday. 3 You can’t have lived in Tunisia for ten years c because you’ve lived there. 4 You can’t be tired d during your trip to Africa. 5 You must be exhausted e when you’ve just had a nap. 6 You may find it difficult to settle down f without learning some Arabic. 7 You couldn’t have gone on a big holiday g to the airport tomorrow. 8 You might think about going to Spain h because you had no money. 9 You could take a taxi i after travelling around the world for years. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 d Complete the email with the words from the box. could be coming could have fallen couldn’t have left may be seeing may be visiting may have found may have left From: Robin Nicholas To: Helena Shakespeare Subject: Seeing you again Hi Helena, Thanks for your email. It was good to see you last week and show you our research facilities here. Sorry to hear you lost your phone on the journey home. I’ve looked for it, but it definitely isn’t in our office. I think you (1) may have left it on the train. Why not phone the lost property office? It (2) down the side of your seat. Someone (3) it and handed it in. Anyway, as far as I remember, you (4) it here, because you were using a map on your phone to get to the station. to your And now my news. Guess what? I (5) part of the world next month for a conference! My professor wanted to attend it, but now he’s heard that some important scientists (6) our laboratory at that time. So, you and I (7) each other sooner than we expected. I’ll email as soon as I know for certain. All the best, Robin English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 43 Units 26–30 can, could, may, might, must and can’t 71 Choose the correct alternative. 1 You must be / can’t be very proud of your daughter winning the race. 2 I expected my boyfriend to call after work last night, but he didn’t. I suppose he must be / must have been too tired. 3 That group is so famous now, it must be / can’t be easy to get tickets to see them perform. 4 I’m sure we can get online here if we try. We must be using / can’t be using the right password. 5 I’ve just rung the garage to check whether they’ve fixed my car, but I can’t get an answer. I suppose they may have / may be having a break in the yard. 6 I don’t know why you wanted to stay at that party. You might have enjoyed / can’t have enjoyed talking to all those boring people. 7 I can’t go out now. We’re getting a new TV and the store may be delivering / must be delivering it this morning. 8 Please check these figures again. They’re not accurate. You might have been concentrating / can’t have been concentrating when you added them up. 9 You must be / must have been thirsty after playing tennis all afternoon. Shall I get you a drink? 72 Complete the answers with must, can’t or might and any other words you need. 1 greg: helen: 2 jim: harry: 3 will: tessa: 4 clare: fiona: 5 andy: jane: 6 ellie: kate: 7 nicky: ryan: 8 emma: neil: 9 jill: eva: 44 Who’s calling at this hour? It’s gone midnight! It might be James. He said he’d phone if he passed his exam. There’s a light on in that office block. Do you think it’s a thief? It must be the cleaners. They always work at night. What are we having for Sunday dinner? chicken. Mum often does chicken on Sundays. It Is that your daughter’s coat? hers. It’s much too big. No, it Where did I put my shopping bags? I can’t remember. the car. You often leave them there. They Where did Adam get that new guitar? He hasn’t got any money. a present. After all, it was his birthday last week. It Why did Mina ignore me at the party last night? you. She wasn’t wearing her glasses. She Do you think Cindy told the boss I left work early yesterday? him. She’s away this week, so she What’s making me feel so ill? ate. Did you have seafood last night? That sometimes It makes people ill. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 13731–33 145 73 74 must(n’t), need(n’t), should(n’t) and don’t have to Match the beginning of each sentence with the most suitable ending. 1 Lucy should be having breakfast, a when she was supposed to be studying. 2 Millie shouldn’t stay up all night b because she woke up early anyway. 3 Jenny shouldn’t have gone out c but she’s too nervous to eat. 4 Megan mustn’t oversleep d when she has an exam the next day. 5 Nicky doesn’t have to get up yet e if she’s not going to work today. 6 Natalie didn’t need to hurry f or she’ll be late for her interview. 7 Sharon needn’t have set the alarm clock g because she wasn’t late. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 c Choose the correct alternative. Thursday neil: We’re doing our presentation to the seminar group next Monday. Can you email them right away? robbie: (1) Must I do / Should I do it now? neil: Well, we (2) must have told / should have told them earlier really. robbie: Oh, all right then. Friday naomi: ellie: naomi: I’ve had an email about Neil and Robbie’s presentation on Monday. That’s strange, I haven’t. Do you think I (3) must / ought to call them? No, you (4) mustn’t / don’t have to. It’s probably not relevant to your research area. Monday naomi: Hi, Neil. I’ve come a bit early in case you wanted help to get the room ready. But I see I (5) needn’t bother / needn’t have bothered, you’ve got everything organised! neil: Isn’t Ellie with you? naomi: No, she didn’t get an email from you, so we thought the presentation wasn’t relevant to her work. neil: Oh, dear. Robbie (6) must send / must have sent the email to the wrong address. naomi: Where is he now? He (7) must be / should be here. neil: I don’t know. He (8) must have forgotten / should have forgotten we’re doing this presentation. He’s so unreliable! English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 45 Units 31–33 must(n’t), need(n’t), should(n’t) and don’t have to 75 For each pair of sentences, write same if sentences a and b have the same meaning. If the meaning is different, try to explain. same 1 a It is vital to wear a helmet when you ride a motorbike. b You must wear a helmet when you ride a motorbike. 2 a I expect we’ll get the contract because we offered the best price. b We offered the best price, so we should get the contract. 3 a It isn’t necessary for us to spend a long time in the museum if it’s not interesting. b We shouldn’t spend a long time in the museum if it’s not interesting. 4 a It was wrong of you to open the package. b You must have opened the package. 5 a She promised to phone me before lunch. It’s seven o’clock now. b She should have phoned me by now. 6 a I made far more sandwiches than we needed. b I needn’t make so many sandwiches. 7 a It’s essential that my father doesn’t find out what I’ve done. b My father must have found out what I’ve done. 8 a In my opinion it would be wrong for them to move house now. b I don’t think they need to move house now. 9 a My sister offered me a lift, so it wasn’t necessary for me to call a taxi. b As my sister offered me a lift, I didn’t need to call a taxi. 10 a I think it’s a good idea to check the timetable before we leave. b We should have checked the timetable before we left. 76 Complete the sentences with must(n’t), need(n’t) or should(n’t). must Oh no – my phone’s dead. I find my charger straight away! finish that essay tonight if you’re too tired. Midday tomorrow is the deadline. You you be at college? What are you doing here? have told his brother about this present. It was supposed to be a secret. He really pay to go into this exhibition because I’ve got my membership card with me. You make so much noise. We’ll be asked to leave the restaurant if you don’t You stop shouting. have texted my mum earlier this afternoon and 7 I’m going to be in trouble. I I completely forgot. have gone to the bus station, you can book tickets online. 8 You 1 2 3 4 5 6 46 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 137- must(n’t), need(n’t), should(n’t) and don’t have to 31–33 145 77 Read the rules of the Fitness Centre. Complete what the instructor says with must(n’t), need(n’t) or should(n’t). SPORTS CLUB NOTICE • It is vital to have a health check before using the gym for the first time. • It isn’t necessary for members to pay for towels, but guests are charged £1 per towel. • It is recommended that you begin with light exercises to warm up. • It is not recommended that you exercise after a heavy meal. • It’s a good idea to ask a member of staff if you’re not sure how to use the equipment. • It is forbidden to use the Fitness Centre against the advice of the staff. You (1) must have a health check before using the gym for the first time. pay for towels, but your guests (3) You (2) pay £1. begin with light exercises to warm up. You (4) exercise after a heavy meal. You (5) ask a member of staff if you’re not sure how to use You (6) the equipment. use the Fitness Centre against the advice of You (7) the staff. 78 Read what James did. Then complete what the instructor says with must(n’t), need(n’t) or should(n’t). James became a member of the Sports Club yesterday. He used the gym without having a health check. He paid for a towel. He didn’t begin with light exercises. He exercised soon after eating a big lunch. He didn’t ask a member of staff how to use the equipment. His back is very painful today. James (1) shouldn’t have used the gym without having a health check, so it’s not my fault his back is very painful. have paid for a towel. He (2) have begun with light exercises. He (3) have exercised soon after lunch. He (4) have asked me how to use the equipment. He (5) have injured his back. He (6) English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 47 Units 31, 33, 35 79 80 (don’t) have to, should(n’t), had better (not) and ought (not) to Read the situations and write sentences with ought (not) to. Some of the sentences are past and some are present. 1 Andy is very shy. His teacher chose him to make a speech to the whole school. His teacher ought not to have chosen Andy to make a speech to the whole school . 2 Carla has an exam on Monday. She plans to spend the weekend at a music festival. She . 3 I live in Kyoto. You went there last week, but you didn’t visit me. You . 4 Dan has a new games console. His brother used it without asking. He . 5 You’ve bought a new phone. The shop said it had unlimited data, but it has a monthly limit. They . 6 We wanted to fly home at the weekend, but the flights were all full. We hadn’t booked seats. We . Tick (✓) the correct sentence in each pair, or tick both if both are correct. 1 a You should always lock your front door when you go out. ✓ b You’d better always lock your front door when you go out. 2 a I should leave now or I’ll miss my bus. b I’d better leave now or I’ll miss my bus. 3 a I don’t think people should keep pets if they don’t have time to care for them properly. b I don’t think people had better keep pets if they don’t have time to care for them properly. 4 a If you want to take photos here, you should ask permission or we might get into trouble. b If you want to take photos here, you’d better ask permission or we might get into trouble. 5 a You should wear a coat. It’s cold outside. b You’d better wear a coat. It’s cold outside. 6 a Would you mind getting some bread when you’re out? The money I gave you should be enough. b Would you mind getting some bread when you’re out? The money I gave you had better be enough. 7 a I realise you must be surprised to see us. Perhaps I should explain what’s going on. b I realise you must be surprised to see us. Perhaps I’d better explain what’s going on. 8 a People really should wear a helmet when they ride a bike. b People really had better wear a helmet when they ride a bike. 9 a Passengers on long flights should move their legs as much as possible. b Passengers on long flights had better move their legs as much as possible. 10 a Tell Jess that she should bring some cash if we’re going out tonight. b Tell Jess that she’d better bring some cash if we’re going out tonight. 48 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises Units 13731, 145 33, 35 (don’t) have to, should(n’t), had better (not) and ought (not) to 81 Complete the email with had better, should or have to. Sometimes there is more than one answer. From: Anna James To: Gary Newland Subject: Travel tips Hey Gary, I know you haven’t done such a long flight before so I thought I (1) ’d better give make sure you get to the you a few tips. First, you (2) spend ages airport really early because you always (3) be prepared for getting through security. You (4) them to open all your hand luggage too. Your flight is an early one so, with luck, you be able to get a seat in the business lounge. You (5) (not) pay for breakfast as it’s free there. When (6) start moving to the gate your flight’s called, you (7) walk for about immediately because sometimes you (8) (not) take very heavy hand fifteen minutes. You (9) carry it yourself and you can’t luggage because you (10) be take a trolley to the gates. Everyone agrees there (11) some, of course, but there aren’t. You get a meal on the flight, and even if it doesn’t taste eat it, because there’s nowhere to eat very exciting you (12) until you reach your hotel at the other end. If you have any questions, email me. Love, Anna x 82 Complete the second sentence with (don’t) have to, should(n’t) or had better (not) so that it has a similar meaning to the first. 1 It is compulsory to wear a helmet when you ride a motorbike. . You have to wear a helmet when you ride a motorbike 2 It’s advisable to check that all the windows are shut whenever you go out. You . 3 It’s not acceptable to borrow money from people you hardly know. You . 4 I suggest we keep the door shut in case someone sees us. You . 5 Training regularly is essential if you want to succeed in athletics. You . 6 I don’t think it’s a good idea to take your phone to the beach. It might get stolen. You . 7 It’d be a good idea to change your shirt before the guests arrive. You . 8 There is no extra charge for delivery. You . English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 49 Units 33–34 83 should Tick (✓) the correct sentences. 1 a After a match, the captain insists the football team should take things easy. ✓ b After a match, the captain insists the football team take things easy. ✓ c After a match, the captain insists the football team to take things easy. 2 a The journalist demanded that the minister resigned. b The journalist demanded that the minister resign. c The journalist demanded that the minister should resign. 3 a If you really want to get rich fast, I suggest you should work harder. b If you really want to get rich fast, I suggest you work harder. c If you really want to get rich fast, I suggest you to work harder. 4 a He never has any money, so it’s very odd that he have a new car. b He never has any money, so it’s very odd that he has a new car. c He never has any money, so it’s very odd that he should have a new car. 5 a I think the weather will stay dry, but you can borrow my raincoat if by any chance it rains. b I think the weather will stay dry, but you can borrow my raincoat if by any chance it should rain. c I think the weather will stay dry, but you can borrow my raincoat if by any chance it rained. 6 a My doctor explained that it was important I should take more exercise. b My doctor explained that it was important I take more exercise. c My doctor explained that it was important I took more exercise. 84 There are mistakes in five of these sentences. Correct the sentences where necessary. Write ‘OK’ if the sentence is already correct. 1 We were very surprised that Tom behave in such a rude manner. 2 I asked a friend about getting train tickets and he recommended to book online. 3 The government accepted the recommendation that they reduce spending on the armed services. 4 If I can’t use a phone here, how do you suggest me to contact my office? 5 I shouldn’t go in there if I were you. They’re having an argument about money. 6 Should be my phone off when you call, just leave a message on voicemail. 7 It’s essential that I should see the doctor today. 8 Why didn’t you demand the club to refund your subscription? 50 English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises that Tom behaved / that Tom should behave Units 137- should 33–34 145 85 Complete the conversation with should where necessary. Leave out should where possible. ben: sue: ben: sue: ben: sue: ben: sue: ben: sue: ben: sue: ben: sue: ben: sue: We’ve got a review of the company’s environmental footprint today and I can’t find our latest energy consumption figures. What (1) should I do (I / do)? (the figures / I really don’t know. It’s odd that (2) disappear) just when you need them. Did you ask Rose? (I / check) all the files Yes. She insisted that (3) myself. She’s so unhelpful. And where’s Jack? He promised to update me on new machinery costs. I saw him printing off some figures a few minutes ago. (we / discuss) his report before It’s important (4) the meeting. Shall I go and find him? (I / not / bother). He’s probably on his way. No, (5) OK. Are you going to stay in the office over lunchtime? (I / find) these figures for this Yes. It’s vital (6) afternoon’s meeting. Oh, right. Well, I’m going out to give a talk to some new graduates about our industry this afternoon, so, if (7) (anyone / call), will you say I’m not available till tomorrow? Sure. Are we going to recruit new staff? I’d like to, but the accountant’s recommendation is that (8) (we / wait) until later in the year. He says we can’t afford anyone yet. He suggests (9) (we / hire) someone temporary if we really have to. Well, I suppose it’s only natural (10) (he / be) cautious. But we could really do with permanent help. Yes, quite. English Grammar in Use Supplementary Exercises 51 Units 26–35 86 Modals: review Use your own ideas to complete the sentences. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 In most countries motorcyclists must wear a helmet I nearly missed the first class this morning. I should have I decided I didn’t like the shoes I’d bought, but luckily I was able to The shops are always terribly crowded on Saturdays, so I may Politicians ought not to Some people dislike flying, so they might Most people pass their driving test first time, so it can’t I don’t know why my brother hasn’t phoned. He may have If you really want to get fit, you should When the price of petrol rose sharply, many people had to Can you imagine travelling before the invention of railways? It must have Commuter trains are often overcrowded, and people aren’t able to when I was ten, but I couldn’t I could . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 That girl looks as if she’s lost. We’d better 87 Read this notice. Then complete the advice for people who are coming to your school or place of work. Information for newcomers to London Language School • You shouldn’t miss lessons. • You should bring your laptop if you have one. • You mustn’t be late for class. • You must switch your phone off during lessons. • You needn’t bring a dictionary. • You don’t have to take any exams. Information for newcomers 1 2 3 4 5 6 52 You shouldn’t You should You mustn’t You must You need